what is a mania in diseases?

Here we discuss what is a mania in briefly.

What is mania?

 The word mania was first coined by Hippocrates. Aetius first described it – it was a mental illness.  The disease seemed to be very happy.  He talks a lot.  Asked one thing, he said a lot.

what is mania
mania

Symptoms

The patient looks happy.  She has nothing to do with anything that happens around her.  The person’s false self-confidence grows.  He considers himself a very big man.  Big talk.  Like adults, money is distributed.  As king or prime minister.  From time to time, you get annoyed for no apparent reason.

Trying to do more physical work from time to time and at the same time.

There is a lot of gossips.  Speaks loudly and loudly.  He speaks as if he were making fun of others because of stress.  Without saying one thing, he starts another.

Sexual desire increases.

The Patient doesn’t sleep. In the first case, the appetite increases and then decreases.

Types

There are three types of the disease:-

1. Hypomania- It shows symptoms of the disease, but does not interfere with its daily activities.

2. Mania- In this type of disease, the patient’s daily functioning is disrupted by the onset of symptoms.

3. Manic psychosis- There are other mental illnesses associated with this disease, such as over-suspicion, nonsense.

Bipolar Affective Disorder/Manic Depressive Psychosis

Some people suffer from depression and get better.  Often they are infected with mania and gossip a lot during this time.  Rejoice, gossip and gesture for no reason.  They become too busy and at the same time irritable and violent.  It lasts a while and gets better after a while.  As a result, mania and depression occur one after another.  This is called manic Dipressive Psychosis.  In some places, this type of picture occurs regularly.

Treatment

These patients are highly disordered.  These are difficult to control.  The main treatments are haloperidol tablets and injections, lithium, Valproatc, Carbamazepinc etc.  Electricity treatment is needed if needed.  In addition, the patient’s family members understand the disease and are advised to take good care of the patient.

Lithium salt

If there is a risk of mania depression, it can be controlled by lithium salt.  Lithium not only controls the current situation; It also works for the future.  It usually starts at 900 mg and the amount of the drug is tested in the blood.  It should be between 0.8 and 1.5 milligrams. The dosage of the drug varies accordingly.  The equality of blood should be tested at intervals.

 Within two to four weeks of treatment, the short-term side effects include trembling of the hands, vomiting, thirst, frequent urination, and laziness.  If the amount of lithium in the blood is more than 1.5 milligrams, then the hands are very loud, vomiting, diarrhoea, mouth palpitations, and a lot of sleep.  Therefore, it is important to consult a doctor immediately.

 If the patient has a high fever, diarrhoea, or excessive sweating, he or she should consult a doctor to change the dosage. Patients with kidney, heart, or liver diseases can not eat such type of medicine. there is a risk of mania depression then addition, valproate, carbamazepine, Lamotrigine, etc.

In food are there any restrictions?

There are no restrictions on the diet of this type of disease.  But when eating lithium, the amount of salt does not decrease.

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