What Is Schizophrenia?

 “Did you know: 1 in 100 globally encounter Schizophrenia every day” it is a severe and debilitating mind and behaviour disorder affecting how one thinks feels and acts. People with it can have trouble distinguishing reality from fantasy, expressing and managing regular feelings and making decisions.

types of schizophrenia

Thought processes can also be disorganized and the motivation to interact in life’s actions could also be blunted. Those with the situation could hear imaginary voices and consider others are studying their minds, controlling their ideas or plotting to harm them. Most people with that suffer from symptoms both continuously or intermittently all through life and are sometimes severely stigmatized by people who don’t perceive the illness. Contrary to standard notion, individuals with schizophrenia wouldn’t have “split” or a number of personalities and most pose no danger to others.

However, the symptoms are terrifying to these troubled and may make them unresponsive, agitated or withdrawn. People with schizophrenia attempt suicide more often than people in the general population, and estimates are that up to 10 % of people with that will full suicide within the first 10 years of the sickness — particularly young men with it.

Types of Schizophrenia

There are a number of sorts

Paranoid schizophrenia

This is the most common form of schizophrenia. It could develop later in life than different sorts of it. Symptoms embrace hallucinations and/or delusions, however, your speech and emotions may not be affected. Paranoid is characterized by predominantly positive signs of it, together with delusions and hallucinations. These debilitating signs blur the road between what’s actual and what isn’t, making it tough for the individual to guide a typical life.

Schizophrenia occurs in about 1.1 per cent of the inhabitants, whereas paranoid schizophrenia is taken into account the most typical subtype of this continual dysfunction. 1 The common age of onset is late adolescence to early maturity, usually between the ages of 18 to 30. It extremely uncommon for schizophrenia to be identified after age 45 or before age 16. Onset in males typically occurs earlier in life than females.

Hebephrenic schizophrenia

Also called ‘disorganized schizophrenia’, this kind of schizophrenia often develops when you are 15-25 years outdated. Symptoms embrace disorganized behaviours and ideas, alongside short-lasting delusions and hallucinations. You may have disorganized speech patterns and others could find it difficult to understand you. People with disorganized schizophrenia usually present little or no feelings of their facial expressions, voice tone, or mannerisms. At instances they’ve inappropriate emotional responses to the scenario, corresponding to laughing at one thing unhappy.

Catatonic schizophrenia

This is the rarest schizophrenia diagnosis, characterized by uncommon, limited and sudden actions. You could usually change between being very lively or very nonetheless. You could not speak a lot, and you may mimic other’s speech and motion.

Undifferentiated schizophrenia

Your prognosis could have some indicators of paranoid, hebephrenic or catatonic schizophrenia, nevertheless, it doesn’t clearly match into one of these sorts alone. Undifferentiated-type is a classification used when an individual exhibits behaviours that match into two or extra of the opposite forms of schizophrenia, together with signs equivalent to delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or behaviour, catatonic behaviour.

Residual schizophrenia

You may be diagnosed with residual if you have a historical past of psychosis, however solely expertise the destructive signs (for instance; gradual motion, poor reminiscence, lack of focus and poor hygiene).

Simple schizophrenia

With it, the destructive signs (for example; gradual motion, poor reminiscence, lack of focus and poor hygiene) are most distinguished early and can worsen. It is uncommon to expertise constructive signs (hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking).

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Treatment Options for Schizophrenia

As medical science evolves and the understanding of people about the physiological, anatomical and pathological increase, more modern medications are coming into use. Today, it is treating in many ways.


The aim of rehabilitation is to enable the Schizophrenic patient to be self-sufficient and capable of earning a living. Rehabilitation centres provide job oriented training, teaches them how to solve problems, manage money, use public transport, behave in society and intermingle with people. There are several well-known Rehabilitation centres in the US like Hanblaceya in San Diego, Anne Sippi Clinics in Los Angeles and Christian Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri.

Medications –

  The drugs used for the treatment of Schizophrenic patients fall under the major category of antipsychotic drugs. The main task of the drugs is used to suppress the activity of the dopamine. Some of the different types of antipsychotic drugs that are used commonly for treating Schizophrenic patients are:

1. Chlorpromazine

 2. Triflupromazine

 3. Thioridazine

 4. Trifluoperazine

 5. Perphenazine

 6. Fluphenazine

7. Haloperidol

8. Trifluperidol

9. Penfluridol

10. Flupenthixol

types of schizophrenia

These drugs are known as the First Generation antipsychotic drugs and were launched in 1950. Usage of these drugs, relieve the patient of hallucinations, delusions, nebulous thinking, aggressiveness, hyperactivity and other psychotic symptoms.


However, while using these drugs there is the possibility of occurrence of certain side effects like sedation, drying of the mouth, restlessness in movement, hypersensitivity reaction, lowering of blood pressure, dizziness, constipation, loss of libido, osteoporosis, priapism (this has nothing to do with sexual desire, it is very painful for the patient and in severe cases, it can result in permanent impotence).

In order to address multiple side effects caused by the usage of first-generation antipsychotic drugs another generation named as the second generation of the antipsychotic drugs was launched. These drugs are also known as atypical antipsychotic drugs. Some of these drugs are:

1. Clozapine

2. Risperidone

 3. Olanzapine

 4. Quetiapine

5. Ziprasidone

 6. Aripiprazole

Educating the family of the Schizophrenic patients – It is very important for families living with Schizophrenia patient to know and understand the mental disorder. Only by doing so, families will be able to provide care, concern and love for Schizophrenia patients in the right way. Education plays a very important role in a family who is living with a Schizophrenia patient and has the intention to help treat him at home. The family members need to be vigilant and check constantly if the patient is taking his medicines regularly and on time. Also, they need to be patient and need to avoid any sarcasm of the patient.

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